Police Technology Course
Home | Module One | Module Two | Module Three | Module Four
Website Review Project | About the Instructor


Raymond E. Foster, MPA

Learning Outcomes & Competencies
University Outcomes
• Express and interpret ideas clearly, using a variety of written, oral and/or visual forms;
• Use different modes of disciplinary and interdisciplinary inquiry to explore ideas and issues from multiple perspectives; and,
• Express ethical & social implications in one’s social, professional, artistic and/or scholarly practice.
Major Outcomes
• Summarize and interpret current issues in the field of criminal justice and how these issues impact criminal justice organizations, criminal justice personnel and other stakeholders; and,
• Analyze, critique and defend criminal justice policy and service delivery from a management point of view.
Course Specific Outcomes
• Describe the differences between tactical and strategic information.
• Understand the limitations, strengths and potentials of certain technologies such as data bases, geographic information systems and a myriad of communications schemes.
• As an online course that concentrates on technology and includes practical exercises, the learner will develop new computer skills and enhance existing skills.
• Because the study of technology requires a base of knowledge concerning technical and scientific information, the learner will increase their general knowledge of science and the scientific method while participating in this course.
• Because this course examines technology against the background of traditional law enforcement themes, theories and models, the learner will enhance their understanding of non-technological criminal justice subjects.
• Understand the role technology plays in traditional crimes and new crimes created as a result of the technology.
• Enhance their research and writing skills through course work.

Instructor Biography
Raymond E. Foster was a sworn member of the Los Angeles Police Department for 24 years. He retired in 2003 at the rank of Lieutenant. He holds a bachelor’s from the Union Institute and University in Criminal Justice Management and a Master’s Degree in Public Financial Management from California State University, Fullerton. He completed all of the course work in his doctoral studies in business research. Raymond is a graduate of the West Point Leadership program and has attended law enforcement, technology and leadership programs such as the National Institute for Justice, Technology Institute, Washington, DC.

Raymond is currently a part-time lecturer at California State University, Fullerton and the Union Institute and University. He has experience teaching upper division courses in law enforcement, public policy, technology and leadership. Raymond is an experienced author who has published numerous articles in a wide range of venues including magazines such as Government Technology, Mobile Government, Airborne Law Enforcement Magazine, and Police One. He has appeared on the History Channel and radio programs in the United States and Europe as subject matter expert in technological applications in law enforcement. For instance, he was recently interviewed by the London Independent on the use of cellular telephone technology in explosive devices. Raymond’s complete CV can be viewed


Readings & Resources
Required Readings:
Foster, Raymond E. “Police Technology” Prentice Hall, July 2004
Order a Copy of Police Technology

(The following required and recommended readings are hyperlinked off the course website)

Your Source for Law Enforcement IT Guidance, The Police Chief, Technology Talk, May 20
Introduction to Wireless Data, Broadbeam White Paper, 2003
When They Can’t Talk, Lives Are Lost, National Institute for Justice

Recommended Readings:
800 MHz Public Safety Interference: The Consensus Plan, The Police Chief, Technology Talk, October 2003.
Your Source for Law Enforcement IT Guidance, The Police Chief, Technology Talk, May 2003
Radio Spectrum, Executive Technology Brief, National Institute for Justice
Intranets: A New Tool for Corrections Managers, Ned Benton, Corrections Managers' Report, October/November 1996
Introduction to Wireless Data, Broadbeam Corporation, Trenton, New Jersey, 2000
Improving Public Safety through Justice Information Sharing, National Governor's Association, A Center for Best Practices, February 2004
Public Safety and the Interoperability Challenge Public Safety and the Interoperability, Smith, Brenna and Tom Tolman, AGILE, April 2000
Crime Analysis in America: Findings and Recommendations, Timothy C. O'Shea, Ph.D.
DNA Testing: Foolproof? CBS News 60 Minutes
Forensic Odontology: A Global Activity, George A. Gould, DDS
A Beginner's Primer on the Investigation of Forensic Evidence, Kruglick, Kim
Can Wiretaps Remain Cost Effective? Hanson, Robin
Big Brother in the Wires Wiretapping in the Digital Age An ACLU Special Report
March 199

This course is organized into four modules of instruction. In this eight week session, each module is two weeks in length. In the semester format modules are approximately one month is duration.

Due Dates Winter 2008 Go To
Semester Session I Session II  
January 2 January 2 February 25 Semester/Session Begins
January 31 January 11 March 7 Module One
February 22 January 25 March 21 Module Two
March 21 February 8 April 4 Module Three
April 14 February 21 April 17 Module Four
April 19 February 23 April 19 Semester/Session Ends
All other readings are available online through hyperlinks provided on the course website.  Additionally, "helper" websites have been identified and are provided for each module.  Generally, "helpers" are websites that provide an explanation or presentation concerning a technical concept.  You may find these particularly helpful.  You can find all the the helper websites, organized by text chapter on the course companion website Police Technology.

Expanded Descriptions of Assignments

Exams one and two will consist of 50 multiple choice, true-false or short answer questions.  All of the material in the exams will come from the primary text and will be cumulative.  The exams will be sent via email and should be returned via US Mail.  Contact the instructor when you are ready to receive the exams.

Forum Participation
Through the forum you will be able to participate and establish a dialogue with tutorial learners in this course as well as other courses being taught by your instructor.  On the course website you will find the due dates for participation; they are roughly at the end of each module.  Moreover, on the website you will find instructions on logging into the forum and hyperlinks that take you directly to the salient question.  To receive full credit for participation you must answer each discussion question and respond to at least one other learner/student in the same discussion question.  Minimally, you will complete two posts on the forum during each module.

Website Review
The websites are hyperlinked off the course website.  For this assignment, choose five of the websites.  Write a one-page management briefing paper on each.  Presume for this assignment that your supervisor has directed you to review these five sites and that you are to brief your agency’s chief executive on website.  What information is critical for your agency’s chief executive?

Discussion Questions
Superior responses to discussion questions (the grade A) will be those responses that not only incorporate the primary text, but also the supplemental readings, additional research and the learner’s personal experiences.  It is not enough to just answer the question, you must find connections.

Try This Exercises
In addition to recording what happened, you should also analyze the exercise.  Ask yourself: How is this useful to criminal justice practitioners?  What management, social or ethical issues are involved in the use of this technology?

Mid-term Paper
Learners are required to prepare typed, 3-5 page paper on a course related issue (
Fragmentation, Community Policing, or Situational Crime Prevention). At a minimum, it is expected that the learners will produce an academically sound and properly formatted work (APA format is strongly encouraged); with a minimum of three sources, not including the text book.  The papers will be graded on content as well as exposition. Superior papers will incorporate management and supervision issues as well as a discussion the impact of technology in the area chosen.

Final Paper
The final three chapters of the primary text book will be used as broad outline for the Session/Semester project.  Your task is to produce an eight to ten page analysis of the topic you choose. Recall, the three board areas of inquiry are: Personnel and Training; Implementing and Managing Technology; and, Emerging and Future Technologies.  At a minimum, the paper should be 8-10 pages in length with 8-10 references.  The book may be used as a reference.

In addition to being in properly formatted (APA is strongly encouraged), the paper should address the following under these specific headings; Background; Impact of Technology; Non-technology Alternatives; Stakeholders; Outcomes and Consequences (intended and un-intended); Recommendations.  During the Session/Semester you are required to submit certain parts of your research/paper.

  1. Module One:  One paragraph describing the topic you have chosen;
  2. Module Two:  Expanded bibliography.  An expanded bibliography details your source and describes in three or four sentences how that source will be used in your paper.
  3. Module Three:  As an option, you may submit a draft of your paper during Module Three.  If you are having difficulty writing the paper or understanding the directions, this is the time to seek assistance.  The draft option is only available during Module Three.
  4. Module Four:  Submit final paper.   


Exam One                                10%
Exam Two                                10%
Participation                            10%
Discussion Questions            10%
Practical Exercises                10%
Mid Term Paper                      20%
Final Paper or Assignment    30%

Semester Total                     100%

Final Deadline for all work
All course work is due at the start of class in the week indicated on schedule.  Absent prior permission, late assignments will be assessed a penalty of one letter grade per week.  For information concerning the completion of course work beyond the last day of class refer to the UI&U Catalog.

Ethical Conduct
Learners should be aware that there are severe consequences for violations of academic ethical conduct.  Primarily, we are concerned with cheating and plagiarism. Learners who are determined to have cheated or committed plagiarism will face disciplinary action as identified within UI&U regulations.  For additional clarification of cheating and/or plagiarism, refer to the UI&U Catalog for policies regarding Academic Integrity.

Click to Download the Course Syllabus

© 2004-2008 Raymond E. Foster, Hi Tech Criminal Justice